What are the 10 types of bandages?

What are the 10 types of bandages?


It starts as the circular bandage but instead of going upwards all the time, it is interspersed with a turn upwards and downwards forming a series of “Xs” as it progresses, making sure that the line formed by the crosses is straight to exert pressure on that area.

The joint is placed slightly flexed. The bandage is directed alternately upwards and then downwards, so that in the back the bandage always passes and crosses in the center of the joint. Depending on the movement that we want to avoid is the zone where the bandage crosses.

It begins by making two circular security laps horizontally around the head. Then the bandage is directed by means of folds that cover all the cranial vault, once it is covered, two horizontal turns are given to fix all the folds of the bandage (it is done between two people).

For the immobilization of a fractured limb can be used magazines, pillows, cardboard, wood, splints, another part of the body as the leg or another finger, etc …. As long as it prevents the movement of the affected limb.

What are the different types of bandages?

Bandages are strips of canvas, which vary in size and quality of material. The most commonly used are the following: elastic bandage, crepe bandage, or cohesive elastic bandage. They exist in different materials such as cotton, elastic, semi-elastic and others such as plaster bandage.

What type of bandage is performed in a hemorrhage?

Compression bandaging is a type of immobilization of an anatomical region by exerting compression, either on a traumatic injury, to stop bleeding or to protect the healing process.

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What are the types of bandages that exist for immobilization?

The most commonly used are the following: gauze bandage, cloth bandage, cotton bandage and elastic bandage (only for specific cases).

Types of bandages and their sizes

To start with the bandage, the patient must be seated in a stable place such as a bed, chair, armchair or other as shown in the image, also requires a person who can support the patient in the placement of the bandage, then with the most tested technique the patient can bandage alone.

Cut 3 strips of micropore tape of approximately 5cm in length, and place them in a nearby place, these will help to hold the bandage once the bandage is finished; also remove the packaging and the hooks that hold the bandages, this, to avoid complications during the process.

It is important that the patient begins to bandage as soon as possible, after his amputation may leave a period of 10 days and after this time the patient can perform this technique, taking care not to make too much compression and isolating with gauze wounds that may still present the patient.

It is important that a patient with lower limb amputation perform the bandaging technique, no matter if the patient is not in the process of fitting, this procedure will allow him/her to improve his/her quality of life.

What is the main purpose of bandages?

The functions or objectives of a bandage are varied, among which we can highlight: Compress wounds to stop bleeding. To limit the movement of a joint or an injured limb. To fix the healing material or medication to a wound and prevent it from becoming infected.

What is the suspensory bandage?

Suspensory bandage: used to support the scrotum or breast of the sick. Protective bandage: its function is to cover the healthy or diseased part to protect it from a harmful action.

What is the bleeding control?

This “bleeding control” will be performed by different bleeding control techniques such as the technique of packing the wound, direct pressure on it and by applying tourniquet, which has proven its efficiency and effectiveness in this type of massive hemorrhage or bleeding …

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Muslin bandage

As a procedure or technique, it consists of wrapping a part of the body that is injured for various reasons. Currently its most frequent use is to cover skin lesions and immobilize osteoarticular injuries. But it is generally used in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages, contusions, sprains, dislocations and fractures. It is a specific technique that allows maintaining certain functionality of the injured area without damaging it. Applied as a therapeutic technique, it aims to selectively and mechanically limit the mobility of a joint in the direction of movement affecting the injured structures of the peri-articular tissues.[2][3][4][5][6]

Used to exert a progressive compression at the level of an extremity, from the distal to the proximal part, in order to promote venous return. It is also used to limit the movement of a joint in the case of 1st degree contusions and sprains.

The first turn is made with a 45º inclination towards the root of the limb, the second one with an inverted inclination (45º in the opposite direction to the previous one), the third one like the first one, but advancing a few centimeters towards the root of the limb… thus, in a back-and-forth movement, the bandage is completed, which at the end has the appearance of a “herringbone”.

What does it mean to place a dressing on a hemorrhage?

Its principle is simple: compress the wound by introducing textile material inside it. Hemostatic dressings, or combat gauze, are a widely used element today for the control of bleeding by means of the packing technique.

What types of hemorrhages are there?

There are two types of hemorrhages, internal and external. The characteristics of each are as follows: Internal hemorrhage: is the outflow of blood into the internal cavities of the organism. External hemorrhage: corresponds to the outflow of blood to the outside of the body.

What are the preventive bandages and their characteristics?

Functional bandages can be: Preventive: they are performed without prior injury, but try to minimize the risk of injury. Many athletes, for example, wear preventive functional bandages to avoid ankle injuries or sprains.

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Compressive bandage

Throughout this article we will analyze the most common types of bandages in physiotherapy: functional bandages, neuromuscular bandages, McConnell bandages or unloading bandages and compressive bandages.

The first stage is called pretape or pre-bandage and its purpose is to protect the skin, as well as to act as an anchor for the adhesive tapes (tape), which will actually correct and stabilize the joint.

The second stage will be the bandaging with inextensible and rigid elastic strips, called tape. These bands provide the patient with a firm fixation. This will be corrected by adjusting the tension to achieve the desired fixation, but without blocking the movement of the joint, so that the person can remain active without further injury to the area.

In case a less rigid fixation is desired, another possibility for functional bandaging is elastic straps. There are also bands of different thicknesses, foam pads in different shapes to apply pressure when desired or to protect more sensitive areas, etc.