How do you perform a vaginal exam?

How do you perform a vaginal exam?

The pelvic exam and the Pap smear are the same.

The speculum has two blades (or leaflets) that separate to open the vaginal opening and a leveling or screw device to open and close the blades. Experience in its use should be gained by practicing opening and closing the blades before using it on a woman for the first time. (Image of speculum parts)

The neck will be fully visible if the blades are properly positioned in the anterior and posterior sacs. If the neck is not fully visible, close the blades, pull back slightly and insert the speculum into the anterior and posterior sacs.

Once the cervix is clearly visible, fix the leaflets in the open position by tightening the locking screw or nut with your thumb (metal speculum) or by fully depressing the elevator (plastic speculum).

Examination of the cervix can also be performed with two vaginal cores which are easier to manipulate, but this is intended for use in operating rooms for gynecological procedures and for examination of the vagina and cervix after childbirth.

How does the gynecologist know if you have had sex?

Good evening, yes, it is possible to detect physical changes in the anatomy of the vaginal introitus, however, it is suggested to have a gynecological examination to monitor sexually transmitted diseases and guidance on family planning methods, feel free to discuss it with your doctor.

How is the pelvic examination performed?

During a pelvic exam, the doctor inserts two gloved fingers into your vagina. While at the same time pressing on your abdomen, he or she can evaluate your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs.

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How is a speculum inserted?

__ Introduce the speculum by arranging the width of the tip of the blades in an anteroposterior direction. __ Direct the blades or leaflets of the closed, pre-warmed speculum into the vagina at a 45° angle, following the natural contour of the posterior vaginal wall.

Pelvic Examination

You lie on a table and place your legs in stirrups. Your health care provider carefully places an instrument called a speculum into your vagina to open it slightly. This allows the provider to look inside the vagina and cervix. Cells are gently scraped from the cervix area. The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing. Preparing for the test

Tell your provider about all medications you are taking. Some birth control pills that contain estrogen or progestin may affect the test results.Also, tell your provider if:Within 24 hours before the test, do NOT do the following:Try not to schedule the Pap test while you are having your period (menstruating). Blood may make the test results less accurate. If you are having unexpected bleeding, do not cancel your test. Your provider will determine if you can still have the Pap test.Empty your bladder just before the test.How the test will feel

How is the cervix described?

The cervix is the lower part of the womb (uterus). It is located at the top of the vagina. It is approximately 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters (1 to 1.3 inches) long. … This allows blood from a menstrual period and a baby (fetus) to pass from the womb into the vagina.

What does the gynecologist check?

During the gynecological visit, the state of health of the female genital tract as a whole is evaluated. During the visit, both the internal and external genital organs, as well as the breasts, are checked to evaluate the presence of problems or real pathologies.

How does the gynecologist realize that you are no longer a virgin?

A doctor performs the test by inserting a finger into the woman’s vagina, and by the flaccidity of the vaginal walls, he determines if she is “used to sexual intercourse”. … In virginity tests, the presence of the hymen usually determines whether a woman is a virgin.

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Pregnancy pelvic exam

The sample is placed on a glass plate or in a jar containing a solution to preserve the cells. It is then sent to a laboratory to be examined under a microscope by a pathologist. A pathologist is a physician who specializes in interpreting laboratory tests and evaluating cells, tissues and organs to diagnose disease. The pathologist can identify abnormal cells by looking at the sample.

Your health care provider may perform the HPV test at the same time he or she performs the Pap test. Or you may need an HPV test only after the Pap test results show abnormal cervical changes. HPV testing can also be done in addition to the Pap test. Learn more about HPV and cancer.

How often you should have a Pap test depends on your age, past test results and other factors. Learn more about cervical cancer screening guidelines.

How much does a pelvic exam cost?

A complete physical exam that includes a pelvic exam costs about $125. A Pap test adds another $40, or more if you are tested for sexually transmitted diseases. If the result of a Pap smear is not normal, follow-up care can cost more than $350.

How should a pelvic examination be performed in a girl?

The doctor or nurse will put a lubricating gel on two fingers (with gloves on) and slide them into your vagina. With the other hand, he or she will press on the outside of your lower abdomen (the area between your vagina and stomach). You will feel a little pressure and some discomfort.

How is the pelvic examination in pregnancy?

The pelvic examination consists of a physical examination of the female genital organs: vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and rectum. It is performed in routine gynecological check-ups, in case of pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and if there is pelvic pain or discomfort.

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Pelvic exam as a virgin

This must be the best known of all the exams that a woman must undergo throughout her life. Also known as Pap smear, it consists of a slight scraping of the walls of the cervix and subsequent analysis of the samples to rule out or detect abnormalities that can trigger cancer of this organ.

Mammography is the key test in the prevention and detection of breast cancer. In it, the patient is standing, naked from the waist up, in front of the mammograph. Then, the medical specialist will place a breast between two plates, which will slightly flatten the breast so that an X-ray can be taken.

Then, the same will be done with the other breast. At the end, both plates are sent to an analysis until 30 days later, approximately, you will be able to know the results. If you want to know more, click here.

Colposcopy is very similar to the Pap smear. But, in this case, the specialist analyzes directly the uterine walls using a colposcope, a kind of microscope, which allows to observe the tissues in a bigger and clearer way.