A fulling mill recorded in 1311 indicates the early importance of the manufacture of woollen goods . The late 17th century was followed by the fine worsted trade. With the working of sandstone , ironstone and local coal in the 19th century, Bradford expanded rapidly along the creek towards the canalized Aire. By 1900, it had become Yorkshire’s main wool buying center, handling wool from overseas and domestic markets. Fine worsted, silk, alpaca and velvet fabrics were manufactured in the late 19th century, when an influx of foreign merchants (mainly German Jews) stimulated the trade and ensured Bradford’s commercial supremacy over other cloth markets in Wakefield and Halifax.
The textile industry declined in importance in the late 20th century, while other manufacturing sectors, such as engineering, paper and packaging, and printing, grew. Service activities also expanded. The city attracted many immigrants and became more cosmopolitan. Important Victorian buildings include the Town Hall (Italianate style) and the Wool Exchange (Venetian Gothic). The parish church (dating from the 15th century but occupying the site of an earlier Norman church) became a cathedral in 1920. The University of Bradford is located in the city. Area metropolitan district, 141 square miles (366 square kilometers). Popular. (2001) urban area, 293,717; city and metropolitan district, 467,665; (2011) built-up area, 349,561; city and metropolitan district, 522,452.
But what is most striking about the city are the Victorian-style buildings: the town hall, the Wool Exchange which has become the library, the Undercliffe cemetery, the factories from the period of the industrial revolution…
This city has a wide cultural offer and this is evident in its many festivals. For example, in June there is the Bradford Book Festival (book fair) and the Bradford Mela, as well as in September and October the Ilkley Literature Festival which is the most important in the north of England.
The city of Bradford, located in the north of England, appears in any tourist guide due to its fascinating natural and cultural heritage. It has an important tradition in wool weaving and a rich Victorian architecture in which the City Hall building stands out. It has been declared a city of cinema by UNESCO for being the scene of numerous films and for its film festivals.
It is one of the most visited museums in England. The National Media Museum houses exhibitions related to photography, television, video games and animation. The museum also has three cinemas including an IMAX screen and it hosts the Bradford International Film Festival.
These villages near Bradford look like pictures taken from fairy tales. They are surrounded by a wonderful nature that hides secrets such as the ruins of Top Withens in Haworth, hiking and cycling routes in Ilkley or the peculiar streetcar route around Saltaire.
Having historically been part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the city reached great splendor during the 19th century as an international center of the textile industry, especially wool. During the Industrial Revolution and being in a region rich in coal, iron and soft water, the city saw strong population and industrial growth, making it the “wool capital of the world.” The name Bradford derives from “the wool capital of the world.” The city is also known as Bradford.
Bradford’s name derives from “broad ford”, “the broad ford”, located on Church Bank and crossing a stream called Bradford Beck. A settlement began to appear there before the Norman invasion. The name “Bradford” appears as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book.
Technological innovation was a major factor in Bradford’s dominance of the textile industry during the 19th and 20th centuries. Several technologies applicable to that industry were invented in Bradford. An early example is found in the work of Samuel Lister. This culture of innovation has survived to the present day.