Interés y porcentajes – Pregunta tipo ICFES
El proyecto de ley de los republicanos del Senado pone a las empresas en primer lugar, no a los trabajadores y las familias. Hoy, los @HouseDemocrats presentarán un proyecto de ley que se responsabiliza de la salud, los salarios y el bienestar de los trabajadores de Estados Unidos: la Ley de Responsabilidad para los Trabajadores y las Familias. https://t.co/WbHY9CNGFa- Nancy Pelosi (@SpeakerPelosi) March 23, 2020
Tiempos extraordinarios requieren acciones extraordinarias. Nuestro compromiso con el euro no tiene límites. Estamos decididos a utilizar todo el potencial de nuestras herramientas, dentro de nuestro mandato. https://t.co/RhxuVYPeVR- Christine Lagarde (@Lagarde) March 18, 2020
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) promotes financial stability and international monetary cooperation. It also facilitates international trade, promotes employment and sustainable economic growth, and helps reduce poverty worldwide. The IMF is administered by and accountable to its 190 member countries.
Capacity building: The IMF provides technical assistance and training to help member countries build better economic institutions and strengthen the human capacities they require. This includes, among other things, the formulation and implementation of more effective policies in such areas as taxation and administration, expenditure management, monetary and exchange rate policies, supervision and regulation of banking and financial systems, legislative frameworks, and economic statistics.
Resources: Member countries’ quotas are the IMF’s main source of financial resources. Each member country’s quota broadly reflects its relative economic position in the world economy. The IMF conducts regular general quota reviews. The Fourteenth Review, which was concluded in 2010 and became effective in 2016, resulted in a doubling of quota resources to SDR 477 billion (approximately USD 687 billion). The Fifteenth Review concluded in 2020 without an increase in quotas.
Equivalent Value Equations | Financial Mathematics
The National Government, through the Ministry of Economy and Finance, guarantees the loans placed by the Financial System Companies (ESF). The program started with S/30 billion in guarantees, subsequently, through Legislative Decree 1485, the amount of the guarantees was increased by an additional S/30 billion, reaching S/60 billion, equivalent to 8% of the GDP.
The Program is constantly monitored and evaluated in order to quickly identify areas for improvement and provide timely financial support to the Peruvian business community, within the framework of the National State of Emergency, and to guarantee its maximum effectiveness.
On the other hand, the discount on border trade – VAT and Selective Consumption Tax (ISC) on a trade flow of US$2,891 million – occupies 19% of the total planned, favoring traders in these areas.
The expected cost of US$ 250 million for the monetary subsidy of 500,000 guaraníes -up to four times (from August to December)- to 770,000 informal workers in this plan (Table 2), must be added to the Social Fund of the Emergency Plan, which foresees for the same social group another US$ 300 million (Table 1). In other words, a total of US$ 550 million, equivalent to 3,455 million guaraníes.
What is striking is that, of this total, only 7% was transferred to Health, mostly to the MSPyBS, and to the Hospital de Clínicas/FCM-UNA. The execution of the MSPyBS corresponds to the programs of Comprehensive Health Emergency Care (AES), Equipment and Administrative Management for Institutional Operation. In the case of the Hospital de Clínicas/FCM/UNA, it corresponds to the AES program.