Is a herniated disc considered a serious injury?

Is a herniated disc considered a serious injury?

What does a herniated disc look like on an X-ray?

The vertebrae of the spine are separated by discs that cushion movements and leave space between the vertebrae. In the same way, they allow movement of the vertebrae, making it possible to bend or stretch.

In addition, the vertebrae of the spine protect the spinal cord that comes from the brain and runs down the back to the lumbar region. The discs play a very important role in cushioning and load distribution, and any disc condition can be serious if not treated promptly. Especially if it is found through an MRI that the intervertebral discs are decreased in height, with bulging or displacement.

When the disc is displaced from its place, we usually speak of disc protrusion (foraminal, posteromedial, etc.), whereas when the annulus fibrosus ruptures, we speak of herniations (the most common occur between the L4 L5 and L5 S1 discs). This can produce an excess of pressure on the nearby nerves resulting in pain (see narrowing or decrease of the neuroforamen), numbness or weakening of movements.

When is a herniated disc serious?

Symptoms such as numbness, tingling and weakness in the muscles may indicate a more serious problem. The chief complaint when a lumbar disc herniation occurs is often a sharp, cutting pain.

What happens if a herniated disc is not operated on?

Some of the consequences of not treating a herniated disc can include almost permanent pain, partial paralysis and loss of bowel and bladder control (in some extreme cases). Of course, the ideal is to never have to get to this point to take action.

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How much is the compensation for herniated disc?

In Case 13,804/09 of the National Labor Court, the judge determined a disability of 46.55%, for which the updated compensation as of April 2021 is equivalent to $2,745.

It is possible to live with lumbar hernia

A herniated disc–sometimes called a slipped or ruptured intervertebral disc–occurs most often in the lower or lumbar part of your back. It is one of the most common causes of low back pain, as well as leg pain (sciatica).

Your spine is made up of 24 bones, called vertebrae, which are stacked one vertebra on top of the other. These bones connect to create a canal (spinal canal) that protects the spinal cord.

In addition to the normal wear and tear that comes with age, other factors can increase the likelihood of a herniated disc. Knowing the risk factors for a herniated disc can help you prevent future problems.

Repetitive activities that put stress on your spine. Many jobs are physically demanding. Some require constant carrying, stretching, bending, twisting or twisting. Using safe loading and moving techniques can help protect your back.

Not all patients will have pain as a disc degenerates. It remains a huge challenge for the physician to determine if a disc that is wearing out is the source of a patient’s pain.

What are the consequences of a herniated disc?

With a herniated disc: The disc may slip out of place (herniate) or rupture because of injury or strain. When this happens, there may be pressure on the spinal nerves. This can lead to pain, numbness or weakness.

When should a herniated disc be operated?

Surgery for a herniated disc should be considered when nerve damage is present, pain or other symptoms are so severe that they interfere with daily activities, or non-surgical treatment is ineffective.

How long does it take to recover from a herniated disc?

Herniated discs usually heal in four to six weeks, although it may take more or less time depending on the severity of the injury. In addition, the treatment protocol you use may influence recovery time.

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Consequences of not operating on a herniated disc

But on other occasions things get complicated and less serious injuries lead to other much more complex ones that incapacitate the victim to return to normal life and leave sequelae that may take a long time to disappear or never do so.

A herniated disc occurs when one of the intervertebral discs between the vertebrae of the spine is displaced, rupturing and causing the soft material it contains to come out, causing pain, stiffness in the spine, and compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots.

There are many causes that can give rise to this type of injury, and so it can arise due to genetic factors, age, overexertion in load-bearing or weight-bearing work, or also due to a violent or traumatic event such as a traffic accident.

In addition, disc protrusion, which in the previous regulatory system was specifically contemplated for the purposes of assessment and compensation, has disappeared from the map in the new traffic schedule.

While in the former there is a bulging of the fibrous covering that surrounds the intervertebral disc, but the contents do not come out, i.e., there is only deformation, in the latter there is rupture and the contents come out.

What exercises cannot be done with a herniated disc?

Traditional abdominal exercises such as push-ups or crunches should be avoided as they increase the pressure on the intervertebral discs, which can worsen a herniated disc. Exercises with direct loads on the back are not recommended.

What is the degree of disability of a herniated disc?

In this case it will depend on the degree of progression of the disease and its sequelae, but it is normal that with a moderate degree of affectation a minimum of 33% can be obtained, and in the most severe cases, when in addition to the disc herniation other pathologies concur, 65% can be exceeded.

How much is each 2021 disability point worth?

Judicial experts raise on average up to 19 points the disability fixed by the Schedule of Law. Each point represents a cost of $24,000 without considering interest.

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Herniated lumbar disc severe symptoms

In most cases, discs deteriorate over time or from repetitive stress on the spine. Poor posture makes things worse; but, in one way or another, everyone will see the effects of wear and tear with age. Sometimes it takes a while for symptoms to appear, but when they do, people’s quality of life disappears. It should be emphasized that the pain can become unbearable.

Some of the consequences of not treating a herniated disc can include almost permanent pain, partial paralysis and loss of bowel and bladder control (in some extreme cases). Of course, the ideal is to never have to reach this point to take action.

A condition known as saddle anesthesia – in which the nerves are so compressed that sensation is lost in the inner thighs, the backs of the legs and the area around the rectus – results from delaying treatment.

A herniated disc cannot heal on its own. Even minor or minimally invasive treatments are necessary to treat the pain and contribute to the patient’s recovery. Sometimes, the hectic life of a large part of the population prevents scheduling a consultation with a neurosurgeon; but it is necessary to consider the consequences of leaving this condition unattended.